Finance Planning: Introduction to Financial Management.
In this Lecture, you will be able to, Explain the importance of financial management, Describe the inter-relation among financial decisions, Explain the functional areas of modern financial management, Discuss the organization of the finance functions, Describe the objectives of financial management.

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Meaning of Business Finance - business activity which is concerned with the acquisition and conservation of capital funds in meeting financial needs and overall objectives of business enterprises...

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Financial Statement Basic

A tutorial on the basics of financial statements: the balance sheet, statement of cash flows, and income statement...


Business Finance- An Overview

In this animation introduces the learner to the concepts of business finance, financial management...


Finance and its Importance

The significance of finance for business finance, capital required and classification of the same as fixed capital, working capital, sources...

The Balance Sheet : A Reflection of How Much a Business is Really Worth

The Balance Sheet is one of three financial reports required by tax authorities when filing annual income tax returns. The other two being the Income Statement and the Statement of Cash Flow. All three financial reports contain pieces of interrelated information that consistently show how the results of business operations during the year, changed the financial conditions of a business entity.

The Income Statement presents a summary of how much of the business resources were used to generate income; whilst culminating with a bottom line figure that will result in a net increase (Net Income) or decrease (Net Loss) in the net worth or equity of the business.

The Statement of Cash Flow on the other hand, presents a reconciliation of the financial information reflected in the Income Statement with those appearing in the Balance Sheet.


That being the case, the Balance Sheet will provide a proven summary of the assets and liabilities of the business after the result (Net Profit or Net Loss) of the recent year’s operation has been taken into consideration

Important Financial Information Provided by the Balance Sheet

The bottom line figure (Net Income or Net Loss) presented by the Income Statement will cause a change in the capital or equity invested in the business. Net Income will naturally result in an increase; conversely, a Net Loss will cause a decrease. This particular aspect is shown as a sub-summary under the Capital or Stockholders’ Equity Section; .

Capital, Beginning or Stockholders’ Equity Beginning as of Jan. 01, 2019 —– xxx
Add: Net Income Realized or (Net Loss) Incurred in Year 2019 ——————- xxx or (xxx)

Capital End or Stockholders’ Equity End as of December 31, 2019 ————– xxx

Determining if the Increase in Capital Improved the Financial Condition of a Business

A financial reviewer will analyze if the resulting increase in capital or equity improved the financial condition of a business entity. This can be done by determining the Working Capital as of statement period, by deducting the Total Current Liabilities from the Total Current Assets. A positive Working Capital indicates growth in capability, while a negative Working Capital means there is capital or funding deficiency that must be addressed.

A negative Working Capital denotes that the business is not liquid. It indicates that its Current Assets, such as Cash, Inventory, Accounts Receivable and Marketable Securities will practically be used in paying off financial obligations that will fall due within the year of operation. Necessary expenses therefore to continue business operations for the next year will rely on Accounts Receivable collections, from cash generated by next year’s selling activities, or from sale of Marketable Securities. Such condition requires a thorough review of how business assets are being used, to determine if adjustments in spending will reduce the Working Capital deficit.

If business resources are not enough, the owner/s may have to infuse additional funds to increase the Working Capital.

In the event that the owner or the stockholders are unable to raise additional capitalization, the business entity may be constrained to secure a short-term loan in order to stay liquid. Securing money by way of a loan though, does not solve the Working Capital deficit. It will in fact result in an increase in liability instead of capitalization.

Business Loans: Smart Reasons to Avail it Now

Contract, Business, Document, Sign, Deal, Legal

Once you start to spread the word that you want to venture in to a business and you are also considering to apply for a loan, you may be getting a lot of violent reactions and different kinds of opinions. From general naysayers to cautionary anecdotes, almost everyone have a story to tell about their experience with loan and how lainavertailu and comparing loans helped them in determining the most appropriate type of loan to choose to start or expand your business venture.  If you you want a loan to make a dream come true or combine existing loans? Zmarta compares loan offers for you so you can choose the best loan offer from their lenders.

If you are torn between deciding to apply for a business loan or not, here are reasons you might want to re-consider applying for a small business loan.

1. You’re ready to expand your physical location. Your office is already busting and your new assistant badly need to set up in the kitchen but it may only seem possible if you will expand location. Another example is if you are running a restaurant or reatail store, and  the number of customers are increasing each day and it is becoming crowded at the restaurant. This is a great news because it simply means that the business is booming and you are ready for the next move. Hence, you may need a term loan to finance a big move. 

Money, Fund, Loan, Gift, Cash, Financial, Accounting

2. Building credit for the future. 

Getting a business loan is also applicable to those who are planning to apply for a larger-scale financing for their business in the next few years. The case can be made for starting with a smaller, short-term loan so as to build your business credit. New businesses can usually have a difficult time accepting for bigger loans if both the business and the owners don’t have a solid credit history to report.

3. Purchase more inventory

One of the biggest challenges and expenses of a business is inventory. Quite the same to purchasing equipment, you need to keep up with the demand by replenishing your inventory with a lot of good-quality choices. This can prove hard at times when you need to buy large amounts of inventory before knowing how much will be the return of investment.

Of course, you want to be confident when it comes to paying back a business loan through time and to see your business boom. Every business decision involves taking a risk. Ultimately, only you can decide whether you are going to take the risk and if it is worthy.

Expect these Challenges when Opening and Running a Business

For any entrepreneur, putting a startup is always the most difficult and most challenging step. Of course, this is after taking a deliberate decision whether to start a business or not. This is totally understandable because just a small and wrong move can incur heavy lose of finances and self-confidence. Having said that, you have to invest enough resources to evaluate every single aspect of your idea to secure success and overcome any challenges that might transpire.

Challenges and Failure are Normal

Basically, this is the same thing that had happened with WOT. Lots of challenges come along the way in the early years of running the business. But with thorough consideration of every angle of running a business, no challenges that they weren’t able to overcome. It is normal for new business ventures to go through setbacks and failures.

You have to be ready in taking the plunge and muster the confidence to overcome every challenge that you will face.

Additionally, it helps if you would seek continuous learning by gaining new knowledge and experience.

Stand with Your Idea

If you firmly believe that you are capable of turning one innovative idea to a business, which is a big challenge, then you have to prepare yourself on a couple of things. These things are:

  • Is that idea can be advanced and developed
  • Is it financially possible
  • Is there a market for it and;
  • Can you pursue and maintain the momentum for as long as your business is alive

It is important that you take enough time to deeply study the marketability of your idea and product and/or service.

Don’t make it Personal

You have to learn how to see new opportunities in every obstacle that you are taking. The market is huge and it’s anyone who takes a dive to it makes a gamble. You have to know the rules and play the game fair. Evaluate your business worth every now and then by means of understanding the specific requirements of your consumers. Reach out to your loyal customers regularly. This is a win-win situation actually. You get to keep them doing business with you and they on the other hand knows that they are well cared for.

Start A Tax Preparation Business And Be Your Own Boss

Tax preparers, like the tax preparer in Tucson, prepare and file for paying clients state and federal tax returns. In several states, tax preparers may work alone, however in other states, it is needed for them to work under the guidance or supervision of an attorney, a CPA or Certified Public Accountant, or other tax experts.


To be a tax preparer, one must be knowledgeable with the numerous tax forms as well as the issued schedules or timetables by the state tax boards and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Moreover, one must also be familiar and comfortable working with mathematics and computers since tax preparers examine the financial accounts of clients and work with them to calculate and determine tax obligations, tax credits as well as deductions they may be qualified for. Appropriate forms are then filled out and submitted to the federal and state government on behalf of their clients, placing their name on the tax return to mention themselves as the tax preparer.


Starting a Tax Preparation Business

If you are practiced specialist in tax preparation, you could put up your own tax preparation venture to help people as well as small businesses in the preparation of their tax.

Numerous tax preparers discover that their passion and enthusiasm is in helping others out and going beyond to ensure a tax outcome that is most feasibly favorable for families.

At times, this passion drives them to start their own independent tax preparation business, however the questions of where and how to begin could be disheartening. Here’s how you could start:

Absorb everything you could about tax preparation and tax codes and get a certified.

If you have no sufficient knowledge regarding tax preparation, attend a school for tax preparation and/or sign up for a tax preparation course. For practiced tax preparers, be up-to-date and continually learn about tax preparation and codes.

Obtain experience.

After graduation in tax school, majority of these schools offer employment that is seasonal as a part-time job for tax preparers. Gain experience points by working for a tax preparation business and work with various individuals. Familiarize yourself with filing electronically as well as with the filling system of the IRS.

Legally structure and organize your business.

Create a limited liability company, a corporation, or a sole proprietorship. Get an attorney to make a draft of your articles of incorporation or organization and file them with the office of the state secretary. You could also opt to utilize a legal preparation service online. Have the name of your tax preparation business registered with the division of corporations of the state or the county clerk.

Purchase a software dedicated to tax preparation.

Tax preparation software are offered from several manufacturers. This software is intended for commercial usage and also provides electronic filing system with the IRS.

Be insured.

Get in touch with a certified insurance agent to ascertain which products as well as the amount of coverage you will be needing. Usually, an insurance on errors and omissions and liability insurances are what you necessitate.  

Find a great location and space.

Look for a work space that could provide a space for a reception area, a consultation or conference room and an office. Another option is to have a dedicated workspace in the comforts of your own home to make your business “home-base.” Make certain you have a phone line exclusively for your business, access to the internet, adequate outlets for computers, printers and other needed equipment. Moreover, make sure you have ample storage since the IRS hard copies of the returns of your clients to be kept on file for five years in the event of an audit.


Making Smart Investment Decisions

A huge part of our lives involve making financial decisions. But sometimes our decisions are made easily without properly thinking things through. Well, most of the time those decisions are correct, however, they can also have negative impact. Even if we think that our decisions are right, it is important to take a step back and reflect the decisions we made. Are they smart? are they best decision? If not, then how do we come up with smart and generous financial decisions?

Unfortunately, financial management is not being prioritized in schools. Hence, student either learn how to make smart financial decisions at a later part of their lives or their parents will educate their children. Below are the things to consider in order to make smart financial decisions.

  1. Don’t Make Big Decisions Quickly- there was this couple, who want to get a huge amount of money from their retirement funds because they want to buy a high end car. I doubt that they thought this for a long time. Another example is that a couple wants to  buy a house but they don’t have enough money. This can be turned in to a wise decision since there are many possible options to get loans from direct lender. As long as they careful when it comes to getting loans and they will be paying it off very soon then they are good.
  2. Take Educated Risk-  Nowadays, it is important to take risks. However, there are different types of risks.  It is important to take educated risks. Say, for example it is a wise decision to diversify your investments through the stock market. It is indeed an educated risk because you are almost betting on the entire stock market. Unfortunately, most people are afraid to take these kinds of risks because they just want to stay on their comfort zone and afraid of failure. Hence, they are losing so many opportunities. For example, someone took their time, money, and effort to start a business that is not one hundred percent sure of being successful, and it turns out that the market loved it. It was a huge risk since the business could have been a failure, but it worked out just fine.
  3. Seek Advice from the Professional- in order to make the right decision when it comes to investing, seeking financial advice will be of great help because they know when and where you must invest based on your financial status and financial goal. By asking their help, you will be able to come up with a detailed and appropriate financial plan that will lead you in achieving your financial goals.


Starting A Peer-To-Peer Lending Business

After the Great Recession, traditional lending and financing institutions like banks have become unenthusiastic and disinclined to loan or lend money to higher-risk businesses or people. To fill this gap, businesses dedicated to peer-to-peer or p2p lending have come into view, and the reviews have been promising, such as the crowdestor review. These websites or lending platforms allow individuals to avail loans for any purpose, whether it is to pay off or consolidate debts, home renovations or to start a small business. Instead of banks, these loans are financed by other individuals.

Starting a P2P Lending Business

Usually, peer-to-peer lending businesses work as marketplaces wherein they connect borrowers to willing lenders. Setting up a website for p2p lending is easy, however starting and establishing a p2p lending business that would flourish and endure is a considerably serious venture. If you are considering starting a business on p2p lending, take into account that you are also creating a business that is tremendously high-risk in a sector that is heavily regulated.

Create a Platform

Most proprietors of peer-to-peer startup businesses choose to set up their workplace or office in the comforts of their own home. This cuts the cost of paying rent which saves you money to use in creating your business website instead. The website will be your principal platform wherein you will be automating the submissions of loan applications as well as the process of screening. Social media platforms could also be utilized given that a great number of people are on it.

Have Lending Partners

Although you can do it as a solo venture, it would be good to communicate with other lending partners to have variety and diversity in your line of loaning products.

Determine How Much You Have and Do Credit History Check

Before giving anyone a loan, perform a history check on their credit, even though they are your peers. In actuality, banks have substantial and strong reasons as to why there are loans being denied. It is essential to find out why a bank denied an individual for a loan so as to not commit a slip-up. For a peer-to-peer business, you must have a stable stream of money.

Identify the Risks to Plan Accordingly

Usually, the course of action taken by individuals who have been refused or denied by banks is to go to P2P lending alternatives. This could be an indication that these are clients who are possibly a risk, so make sure to screen cautiously.  Set the interest at a higher rate to counteract the higher level of risk. Other possibilities of risks include your servers that hackers will frequently attack to obtain sensitive data. So as for your business and data to be secured, hire a professional for an effectual security. Have an official legal rep that you could contact at any time of the day for help or legal advice regarding your P2P lending business.


Good Reasons to Invest While You Still Can

It’s not the question about how much you have or what experience you have. If you want to enjoy your life to the fullest, then you must have something to support it. And we all know that working alone won’t cut. We need additional source of income to ensure that we’ll get to enjoy everything that life has to offer.

STOP! This will Change Your Mind!

What better way of doing this than investing? If you feel skeptical about this proposition or perhaps thinking that it is not for you… then I encourage you to read the entire post. You’ll definitely have a change of heart after learning the reasons below.

Reason number 1. It’s for Your Freedom

One thing that people get wrong about investment is thinking that it’s about getting rich. While it is one of the objectives of doing such, the real purpose of it is more about having financial freedom. At the same time, being able to have the ability to support yourself and your family without income.

Because the hard reality is, your body will used up all its energy at some point in time.

The question left is, would you like to be forced to stop working before you are financially ready or would you rather have the option to stop when you want? These are questions that can be answered when you invest.

Reason number 2. It is Free Money People

Working for a company that is offering 401k gives great chance that they’re offering some sort of employer match too. Meaning to say, they’ll be matching the contributions you made for a certain point.

To give you a quick example, typically, employer match can be 100 percent of first 3 percent of salary contributed. Meaning to say, if you have contributed 3 percent of your salary to 401k every paycheck, your employer is required to match the same contribution you have made. This is on top of the monthly salary you are making.

If you’d analyze it, this is free money and you can instantly double up your retirement savings.

Reason number 3. It’s Okay to Fail

Countless of people are afraid to invest. This is true whether it is about retail, buy & sell, trade cryptocurrency on http://vipsignals.trade and whatnot. It feels as if it’s a big and complex project wherein you have to fork out huge sum of money. Not to mention, the amount of energy and time to be invested to get you where you wanted to be.

In reality, yes, you’d have to do this. But this is only for the first few years of your investment. Once it gained traction, the returns you get is 2x or 3x as much as the initial investment you made.

Income Statement : A Report of the Net Profit Yield and More

Not a few have ventured into running a business enterprise without fully comprehending the importance of financial reports as tools for managing business finances. Often times, they perceive financial statements as mere reportorial requirements for taxation purposes or for getting a loan application approval.

One should stop to think that if such reports are important to tax bureaus and to lending institutions, then it is all the more important for entrepreneurs to fully comprehend what financial reports convey. Financial reports, such as the Income Statement, the Balance Sheet and the Cash Flow Statement serve as guides on how to effectively manage the financial conditions of a business.

If for financial management purposes, requiring the preparation of monthly reports is a best practice to consider.

What Does the Income Statement Convey?

The Income Statement may seem easy to comprehend as it merely summarizes the total cash revenues generated and the total operating expenses incurred for a certain period. First off, an Income Statement always covers a specific period, for a month at the least, for a quarter or semi-annual period or for a year.

The Income or Revenue is at first stated as Gross Income or Gross Revenue, which means the sum of all cash received as evidenced by official sales receipts issued during the period covered. The Gross Revenue will then be adjusted by deducting any Unearned Income and the the total Direct Costs, to arrive at the Gross Profit. Unearned Income is revenue already received but recognizable as income only on some future period.

In a simple trading firm, Direct Costs usually relate to the Cost of Goods or Merchandise Sold for the period. The Gross Profit therefore represents the markup yield.

The next goal is to determine the Net Profit, which is achieved by deducting the Total Operating Expenses from the Gross Profit, including non-cash items like depreciation and interest expense amortizations. The bottom line figure after the Net Profit is the Net Profit After Tax, being the actual amount that will increase a business entity’s Net Worth.

In cases where the Total Operating Expenses is greater than the Gross Profit, then a Net Loss was incurred. This calls for a deeper examination of the composition of the Total Revenues reported, and for an analysis of the proper matching of all costs and operating expenses deducted from the Gross Revenue.

Some expenses may have been overstated because part of expense values are applicable as deductions for the next periodic report. In other cases, Net Loss is incurred by failing to consider the overall overhead costs it would take to sell the goods.

Actually there are several other information that can be revealed by correlating Income Statement values with those presented in the Balance Sheet and the Cash Flow Statement.

Importance Of Financial Management In Every Business

Finance is vital in almost every business decision. From planning, budgeting, and cash flow procedures to the financial framework and even in the management of costs and risks associated with the business.

Finance plays an essential role in every business entity even in the government sector. Employers use their financial data every day to make decisions. Finance is essential to assess the present standing of a business and where it is headed in the future. Companies are not able to function well without proper financial analysis.

Handling Inevitable Risks

Managing a business enterprise can be risky. An entrepreneur has worries with regards to the trend of interest rates, fluctuations in currency, fluctuations in product prices, and threats of non-payment due to various reasons. Financial records keep an eye on these aspects and provide records an overview of the business as a whole.

Finance management assesses the risks of worldwide trading markets, determines the credit rating of buyers, evaluates loan terms from loan providers and offers an analysis of the challenges in many aspects of business finances.

Tactical Planning and Cost Management

Financial planning is essential in every business. Planning helps you determine the goals of your business and the costs needed to get there. Business plans help you form the structure for employing staff, financial spending, raising capital, marketing plans and additional bonuses for administration.

Equity or Loan?

Following strategic plan creation, the finance department follows the ways of funding business functions. Would it be preferable to raise equity capital from shareholders or get financial loans from financial institutions? In most cases, financial analysis can give a better view of the best direction to go.

For businesses in New Zealand considering to take out additional funds through lending, Need Money Now offers easy and quick loans in New Zealand. Check them out.

Cost Control and Profit Planning

It’s no surprise that the foundation of your business is to make profits. Therefore, finance plays an important part to find strategies to boost earnings. This may relate to discovering the level of profitability of products, eliminating losers, and endorsing the winners. Business finance can help determine strategic approaches as to how to better production or discover affordable raw materials.

Small and medium-sized business owners are regularly going over their financial statements to realize finances and unforeseen costs. This is called exception financial management. If every aspect of the business is consistent with the profit plan, there will be lesser problems to encounter. However, financial managers would still look closely at the financial flow to correct and avoid deviations.

Cash Flow Management

It is the task of the finance department to ensure the company has plenty of liquidity to compensate its suppliers as well as their employees promptly. In the event that cash gets limited, the finance department will make preparations to work with the company’s line of credit in banks.

On the other hand, having excessive funds that are idle in the company’s bank account is not benefitting the company’s return on investment. Thus, after financial analysis, finance people will find ways to invest cash to produce better returns.

Inspirational Quote about Finance: "Making money is a hobby that will complement any other hobbies you have, beautifully."